The growing popularity of IoT use cases in domains that rely on connectivity spans large areas. The ability to manage a large number of connections has spurred demand for massive IoT (MIoT) technologies. MIoT refers to the tens of billions of devices, objects, and machines that need ubiquitous connectivity even in the most remote locations, as sensors buried deep in the soil and that regularly report their sensing data to the cloud. The need comprises ultra-energy-efficient low-cost devices with low energy consumption and good coverage so they can deliver a prolonged ten-year battery life. MIoT services need Adhoc end-to-end (E2E) solutions, i.e., featuring access and core network enhanced Control and User planes (CP/UP) mechanisms.
Critical IoT connections place contradictory demands on the network: ultra-reliability, availability, low latency, and high data throughput. Cheaper modems, evolving LTE functionality, and 5G capabilities extend the range of applications for critical IoT deployments. The crucial IoT category comprises IoT applications that require high availability, coverage, and low latency and are LTE or 5G enabled.
The shortcomings of the current centralized IoT network model, in which IoT devices use a single gateway for mutual data transference and connect through a cloud server are apparent. The network cannot manage future MIoT devices and large shared data volumes. The high costs of centralized cloud maintenance and networking components and low interoperability due to restricted data exchange with other centralized infrastructures are other factors. Critical and massive IoT are emerging categories with different connectivity technologies designed to solve specific requirements.
MIoTy is a software-based low-power, wide-area network (LPWAN) protocol developed to overcome current and future wireless connectivity limitations. The telegram Splitting Multiple Access (TSMA) method forms the core of MIoTy technology. It splits the data packets to be transported in the data stream into small sub-packets at the sensor level. MIoTy caters to massive industrial and commercial IoT deployments. The MIOTY ALLIANCE offers an ideal platform for developers, hardware manufacturers, system integrators, service companies, and end customers by providing an open, standardized, and interoperable ecosystem.
MioTy is recognized and standardized by the European Telecommunication Standards Institute (ETSI). The MIoTy stack strengthens the ecosystem by supporting standard sub-GHz LPWAN technologies and delivers a unique level of integration that saves space, power, and time to market. MIoTy devices can communicate while moving at up to 120km/h without signal-fading issues, serving applications such as fleet management, asset tracking, and theft detection. MIOTY technology enables interference mitigation and the lowest packet error rates, even in a crowded spectrum. The protocol combined with battery recovery periods allows the application of smaller batteries. With a power consumption of 17.8 μWh (end-point, 868 MHz) per message, MIoTy makes battery life of 20+ years a reality.
Nowadays, several IoT-enabled applications such as holographic communications, five-sense communications, wireless brain-computer interfaces (WBCI), and new verticals have emerged. AI, machine learning, and edge computing play significant roles in MIoT security design. MIoT promises new developments in connectivity for all sorts of "things" globally.
MIoT applications are driven by scale rather than speed and support the MIoTy® standard. The standard enables highly scalable, long-range, and extremely low-power wireless connections. They are a natural fit for LPWANs MIoT. These are less latency-sensitive and lower throughput requirement applications but need a large volume of low-cost, low-energy consumption devices on a better coverage network. The technology is suitable for monitoring large technical systems or difficult-to-access areas and can serve as the underlying transmission infrastructure for applications. MIoT spans a range of applications, from utilities monitoring to industrial process optimization, asset management, lighting infrastructures for smart cities, and smart metering.