In the book “Designing the Internet of Things”, one sample application which is mentioned is an alarm clock which is internet enabled, can check railway timetables, and if there is a delay, allow the user some extra time to sleep in.
This is possible using Raspberry Pi, it has even already been shown to work with pulling down railway timetables: PiFace – PiFace Control And Display train times guide – Running PiFace Control And Display traintimes
The goal is to have the following functionality:
- Flexible and adapting alarm times by tapping into railway timetables and adjust the alarm based upon a selected train.
- Control of the alarm clock via a mobile phone app.
- Be able to program different radio stations according to different alarms; e.g., news channel for weekdays, music for weekends.
- Quality stereo sound, using the Wolfson Audio Card.
- If possible, provide voice control of the alarm clock.
The build would consist of:
- Raspberry Pi with Wifi dongle for wireless connectivity
- Wolfson audio card with speakers using the onboard amplifier (and microphone)
- Arduino Micro connected via USB to add a bunch of I/O for buttons, etc ...
- Pi-Lite LED Matrix as a display
Preparing the SD Card
First thing is to flash an SD card using the Wolfson image. Make sure you use an 8Gb SD card when using the Wolfson image!
I started off by listing the disks available on my machine, so I don't accidentally flash the wrong one.
diskutil list /dev/disk0 #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: GUID_partition_scheme *251.0 GB disk0 1: EFI EFI 209.7 MB disk0s1 2: Apple_HFS Macintosh HD 250.1 GB disk0s2 3: Apple_Boot Recovery HD 650.0 MB disk0s3 /dev/disk1 #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: Apple_partition_scheme *16.1 MB disk1 1: Apple_partition_map 32.3 KB disk1s1 2: Apple_HFS Flash Player 16.1 MB disk1s2 /dev/disk2 #: TYPE NAME SIZE IDENTIFIER 0: FDisk_partition_scheme *7.9 GB disk2 1: DOS_FAT_32 NO NAME 7.9 GB disk2s1
Once I identified the proper disk, I unmounted it.
diskutil unmountDisk /dev/disk2 Unmount of all volumes on disk2 was successful
And finally, I used "dd" to write the Wolfson image on to my SD card.
sudo dd if=wolfson_3.10_master.img of=/dev/disk2 bs=1m Password: dd: /dev/disk2: end of device 7498+0 records in 7497+1 records out 7861178368 bytes transferred in 4681.741917 secs (1679114 bytes/sec)
Booting the Pi for the first time
With the SD card flashed and ready to use, I connected the Pi to my HDMI display, connected a keyboard and ethernet cable and booted the Pi.
The Pi booted properly and went straight to the graphical environment.
From a terminal, I ran the configuration tool and performed following actions:
- expanded the filesystem
- enabled SSH access
- disabled the boot to desktop
- updated the system
After these changes, I could shut down the Pi and disconnect keyboard and monitor.
When the Pi had rebooted, I could log in via SSH.
ssh firstname.lastname@example.org The authenticity of host '192.168.0.249 (192.168.0.249)' can't be established. RSA key fingerprint is 27:77:5b:01:7f:71:0a:2f:2e:a3:b0:16:14:f3:9e:6c. Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes Warning: Permanently added '192.168.0.249' (RSA) to the list of known hosts. email@example.com's password: Linux raspberrypi 3.10.25+ #622 PREEMPT Fri Jan 3 18:41:00 GMT 2014 armv6l The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software; the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright. Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by applicable law. Last login: Fri Mar 28 16:18:05 2014 pi@raspberrypi ~ $
Connecting to Wifi
Via SSH, I edited the network config as follows, in order to enable wifi:
sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces auto lo iface lo inet loopback iface eth0 inet dhcp allow-hotplug wlan0 auto wlan0 iface wlan0 inet dhcp wpa-ssid "ssid" wpa-psk "password"
Powered off the Pi again, disconnected the Ethernet cable, inserted the Wifi dongle and booted the Pi.
With the wifi working, it was time to connect the Wolfson Audio Card.
Wolfson Audio Card
Before connecting the audio card to the Pi, I soldered headers to the SPKOUT connections.
This is where I plan to connect loudspeakers and use them with the card's onboard amplifier.
I connected the audio card, ensuring the pins aligned properly and that the plastic screw was fastened.
When booting the Pi, a green LED lights up on the audio card.
Time for a test. I connected my headset with microphone and configured the card/pi to use the correct audio input/output:
These commands generate a lot of output, but as long as it doesn't contain any error messages, you should be fine.
I made a small recording:
arecord -Dhw:0 -r 44100 -c 2 -f S32_LE file
And played it out to verify the contents:
aplay -Dhw:0 -r 44100 -c 2 -f S32_LE file
The contents of the file matched the expected results. Test successful.
More information on the command line recording, playout and the commands used, can be found here: Wolfson Audio Card - Command Line recording
As stated earlier, the goal is to connect speakers to the audio card. The advantage of using the SPKOUT on the Wolfson card, is that it uses an onboard amplifier.
It is however required to connect the audio card to an external 5V power supply in that case.
I got myself two small speakers and replaced the end connectors to be able to plug them on to the audio card.
With the speakers connected, I could now redirect the output to the speakers instead of the headset, but also use the onboard microphones for recording
I had it lying around for a while and decided it was time to use it in one of my projects.
It can be connected to the Raspberry Pi's serial interface, which is also made available on the Wolfson audio card.
I also searched for a 5V and a GND pin on the Wolfson card, in order to power it.
To display text on the Pi-Lite, the serial interface needs to be used. In order to do that, I installed "minicom":
sudo apt-get install minicom
Running a test command to display the current time in HH:MM format:
date +"%H:%M" | sudo minicom -b 9600 -o -D /dev/ttyAMA0
For the alarm clock to be reliable, it is important the time is correct. By default, the time is set to UTC.
Using below commands, I configured the proper timezone.
date Wed May 7 18:17:39 UTC 2014
sudo cp /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Brussels /etc/localtime
date Wed May 7 20:19:47 CEST 2014
It is also possible to check if the Pi's time is being synchronized:
ntpq -p remote refid st t when poll reach delay offset jitter ============================================================================== +brussels52.firs 220.127.116.11 4 u 57m 1024 210 19.815 -0.098 1.955 *ntp.katho.be 18.104.22.168 2 u 385 1024 5 17.591 2.047 2.556 leela.isw.stude 22.214.171.124 3 u 49m 1024 4 13.219 -0.833 0.461 net1.uni-paderb 126.96.36.199 2 u 163m 1024 0 34.317 -4.637 0.000
I will continue to work on the alarm clock, more specifically on:
- adding buttons to manually control the alarm clock (display time, train status, etc ...)
- start working on a mobile application to configure the alarm clock and its settings
- start working on the enclosure for this project
Until next time!